Mathematical Miracles of the Qur’an 2/4
Some of the Scientific Facts Indicated Through Sequences of Letters in the Qur’an
Halley's Comet and 76 Years
One of the greatest developments in modern astronomy is the discovery of Halley's Comet. The 18th-century scientist Edmund Halley discovered that the comet comes around every 76 years. With that discovery, Halley established that comets have astronomical orbits. The name "Halley" by which the comet is known, appears in a most striking way in verse 76 of Surat al-An'am in the Qur'an:
When night covered him he saw a star and said, 'This is my Lord!' Then when it set he said, "I do not love what sets."( (Sura An'am, 76)
The letters that make up the word "Halley" appear for the first time in the Qur'an in this verse. Furthermore, the reference to a "setting" star is highly significant. What is more, the Arabic word "kawkaban," meaning "star," appears right next to the letters comprising "Halley."
Seventy-six, the number of the related verse, on the other hand, may indicate seventy-sizxzzzxxzx years, which is Halley's orbital period. (Allah knows the truth.)
The verse number “76” represents the Halley comet: Halley becomes visible from the Earth every 76 years. In short, its orbital period is 76. For this reason, that Halley is mentioned for the first time in the Qur'an in the 76th verse seems to be a great miracle of Allah.
Hemoglobin and Iron
At the time the Qur'an was revealed, nobody was aware of the molecule hemoglobin. There was no such medical term in existence. Hemoglobin transports oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood throughout the human body. In addition, it gives blood its red color. It was only discovered in the 19th century.
Hemoglobin forms thanks to the element iron (Fe) in our bodies and is of vital importance to the performance of vital functions. The element iron (Fe) present in the middle of hemoglobin binds itself to oxygen and thus carries oxygen in the blood. For that reason, the hemoglobin molecule can be considered together with the element iron.
In verse 25 of Surat al-Fath, the letters comprising the words Fe (iron) and hemoglobin miraculously appear side by side. In addition, the letters comprising hemoglobin do not appear side by side in any other verse. This exceptional circumstance is one of the proofs of the Creation of Almighty Allah, the Lord of the past and future, He who is unfettered by time and space.
◉ The word hemoglobin is written almost the same in Turkish, Arabic, English and other languages. The letters comprising the word hemoglobin appear side by side from left to right.
The Ozone Layer
The word "ozone" is written and read in just about the same way in Arabic, Turkish and other foreign languages. The letters that comprise the word ozone appear side by side in the 6th verse of Surat al-Jinn. Moreover, the verses that follow refer to the "protective" nature of the sky:
We tried, as usual, to travel to heaven in search of news but found it filled with fierce guards and meteors. (Surat al-Jinn, 8)
The "guards" in the sky are highly compatible with the role of the ozone layer within the Earth’s atmosphere. In short, it is the protective layer in the sky, keeping harmful rays away from the Earth. The appearance - side by side - of the letters that comprise the world ozone, and in the above verse that refers to the "protective" nature of the sky, cannot be explained by chance. This is a miracle created in the Qur'an by our Lord.
The Retina: The Layer of the Eye
The retina is a layer of the eye that contains cells that allow us to see. At the time of the revelation of the Qur'an, this layer that made sight possible was unknown and the term “retina” was not in use. Yet the letters that comprise the word "retina" appear - side by side - in only one place in the Qur'an, in verse 8 of Surah Fatir. This verse also refers to "seeing," for which reason there is a strong possibility that it refers to the retina. (Allah knows the truth.)
And what of him the evil of whose actions seem fine to him so that he sees them as good? Allah misguides whoever He wills and guides whoever He wills. So do not let yourself waste away out of regret for them. Allah knows what they do… (Surah Fatir, 8)
This verse, which contains the word "retina", refers to the Arabic verb "raa," meaning "to see." The 19th verse contains the sentence "The blind and seeing are not the same." Damage to the retina can lead to permanent blindness. The following verse refers to "nor are darkness and light." That term is highly significant in terms of the formation of the retina's light-sensitive calls. All these terms regarding sight are very rare in the Qur'an. The fact that the word "retina" appears only in these verses out of thousands, is another of Allah's Miracles in the Qur'an.
◉ The Arabic alphabet consists of consonants alone. The letter alif is used to influence the way words are read.
Dna and the Beginning of Genetic History
The term DNA (Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid) is an abbreviation scientists use when talking about the genetic material in living things. The beginning of the science of genetics dates back to genetic laws drawn up by the scientist Mendel in 1865. The date, a turning point in the history of science, is referred to in Surat al-Kahf, verse 18:65.
When the appearance of the letters D-N-A (Dal-Nun-Alif in Arabic) side by side in places in the Qur'an is examined, they appear most frequently in this particular verse. The letters D-N-A appear side by side three times in this verse, in a unique manner. In no other verse of the Qur'an do the letters "DNA" appear consecutively so often.
The number of this exceptional verse in which the term DNA appears so strikingly is 18:65. These numbers are an expression of the date when the science of genetics began. This is unlikely to be a coincidence. Because only in verse 18:65 of the Qur'an do the letters "DNA" appear three times consecutively. This is something miraculous, because the scientific world only came up with the name DNA (Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid) comparatively recently.
In Surat al-Kahf, which refers to DNA and the year 1865 when the science of genetics began, DNA is repeated 7 times, as is RNA (the Arabic letters Ra-Nun-Alif). Like DNA, the RNA molecule is a molecule giving rise to genetic structure. For that reason, the appearance of DNA and RNA an equal number of times in this Surat is further proof that these molecules were referred to in the Qur'an hundreds of years ago. (Allah knows the truth.)
Sand Dunes and the Planet Mars
The word "Ahqaf," one of the Surah of the Qur'an literally means "sand dunes." In astronomy, one of the first characteristics that come to mind when the planet Mars is mentioned is the giant collections of sand, or giant "sand dunes" on its surface. These make Mars completely different to the other eight planets.
An examination of the sequence of letters in verse 23 of Surat al-Ahqaf shows that the Arabic letters Mim, Alif, Ra and Sin appears side by side to make the word Mars.
The way these letters appear in Surat al-Ahqaf, a word meaning "sand dunes," one of the most striking features of the planet Mars, is highly noteworthy. Additionally, it is not just Mars that appears in this Surah, but also its satellite "Deimos." The letters that make up the name of "Deimos," which orbits Mars, appear side by side in verse 30 of Surat al-Ahqaf. These things are all examples of the infinite knowledge and wisdom our Lord.
◉ In Arabic, the letter "Waw" is read as a consonant when it appears inside a word.
At the time of the revelation of the Qur'an, quantum physics and atomic sub-articles were unknown. But the Qur'an, extraordinarily, contains indications of all past and future sciences within its Arabic text. A further example of this can be seen in verses 37 and 39 of Surat al-Kahf, in which the names and weights of these fundamental particles are indicated in a miraculous manner. (Allah knows the truth.)
The letters that make up the word "neutron" (the Arabic letters Nun-Te-Re-Nun) appear consecutively in only two verses in the whole of the Qur'an. One of these is in verse 18:39, which itself expresses the "neutron mass = 1839 me."
As we have seen, verse 39 of Surat al-Kahf contains references to both the name of the neutron and, in terms of the verse number, of the neutron mass. (Allah knows the truth.) These letters appear consecutively in none of the other thousands of verses, and only in verse 18:39 does the word "neutron" appear.
◉ There is no letter "P" in Arabic, the letter "Be" being used instead.
The same thing applies to the "proton." The letters comprising the word "proton" (the Arabic letters Be-Re-Te-Nun) appear in relatively greater numbers in the Qur'an compared to the neutron. Only in verse 37 of Surat al-Kahf, verse 18:37, in other words, do the letters comprising the word consecutively from left to right. The proton mass is "1836-1837 me" and is generally taken as "1837 me." Therefore, the number of this verse could be a direct reference to the mass of the proton, "1837 me." (Allah knows the truth.)
The words "neutron" and "proton" are written essentially the same way in Turkish, English, Arabic and other languages. Another verse that refers to these particles that comprise atoms reads as follows:
… Not even the smallest speck eludes your Lord, either on Earth or in heaven. Nor is there anything smaller than that, or larger, which is not in a Clear Book. (Surah Yunus, 61)
Underground Energy Resources:Petrol
Petrol, the one of the most important sources of energy, was first referred to by that name in a book titled De Re Metallica (On the Nature of Minerals.) This work was published in 1556 by the German Georgius Agricola. Bearing this in mind, it is important to note that the Qur’an contains critical references to these valuable energy resource, which were named hundreds of years later after the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (saas) (Allah knows the truth.)
The letters that comprise the word "petrol" appear side by side in only one verse of the Qur'an. The Arabic words "fee thulumati al-ardi" in verse 59 of Surat al-An'am, meaning "the darkness of the earth," appear in the same verse and suggest the subterranean formation of petrol.
... He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry which is not in a Clear Book. (Surat al-An'am, 59)
◉ There is no letter "P" in Arabic, the letter "Be" being used as its equivalent.
The word “petrol”—which began being used only in recent decades—is written or read in the same way whether in Turkish, English or Arabic. It is the also the same in many other languages all over the world.
So how is petrol formed? According to modern scientific findings, it emerges after a lengthy period of time from the remains of either plants or animals. Another verse of the Qur'an that suggests this reads:
He Who brings forth green pasture, then makes it blackened stubble. (Surat al-A'la, 4-5)
(For a more detailed account, see Harun Yahya, Allah's Miracles in the Qur'an, Vol. 1, 8th edition, July 2006)
The Invention of Television
Television transmissions take place by electromagnetic waves travelling at the speed of light reaching our homes. Television waves are so fast that live transmissions from many kilometers away can be made almost instantaneously. Surat an-Naml of the Qur'an describes how the Prophet Solomon (as) had the throne of a queen in a far-distant country brought to him instantaneously in a miraculous manner, in a manner reminiscent of the above technology:
He who possessed knowledge of the Book said, 'I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.' And when he saw it standing firmly in his presence, he said, 'This is part of my Lord's favor to test me to see if I will give thanks or show ingratitude... (Surat an-Naml, 40)
When reading this verse, the ideas of teleportation or image transmission —television—immediately spring to mind. Some letters in Surat an-Naml, in which this phenomenon is described, come together in a mysterious manner to comprise the word "television."
The letters that constitute the word television appear side by side, from left to right, in verse 17 of Surat an-Naml, which itself refers to the Prophet Solomon (as). The word “television” – like some examples in previous chapters - is written and pronounced in more or less the same way in Turkish, English, Arabic and many other other languages. Looking at the sequence of letters here and the passages cited, we see a miracle that cannot possibly occur by chance. It seems that each one of these instances is a sign for those who study the Qur'an that still grater mysteries may lie concealed within it. In one verse, our Almighty Lord says this of the Holy Qur'an:
If all the trees on earth were pens and all the sea, with seven more seas besides, was ink Allah's words still would not run dry. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. (Surah Luqman, 27)
The Duration of Rotation of Venus and Mars
Venus and Mars are the names of the closest and second-closest planets to the Earth. In the Qur'an, the letters that make up the present-day names of these planets are set out in such a way as to indicate the speed of their rotation.
The letters that make up the name Venus (Waaw-Alif-Nuun-Alif-Shiin in Arabic) appear side by side in verse 72 of Surat al-Anfal. The next sequence of letters spelling out the word “Venus” appears in verse 3 of Surah Hud. There are 243 verses between these two. It takes Venus exactly 243 days to revolve around its own axis. In other words, the revolution starts all over again after 243 days. The letters comprising the word Venus appear 243 verses after their first appearance in the Qur'an.
The same sequencing applies to Mars. The letters that comprise the word Mars (Miim-Alif-Raa-Shiin in Arabic) first appear side by side in verse 44 of Surat al-Mu'minun. The next time the sequence appears is in verse 45. In other words, they appear just 1 verse later. It takes the planet Mars just 1 day to revolve around its own axis.
Only modern astronomy has allowed us to understand the length of time it takes for Mars and Venus to respectively revolve around their own axes. These periods were discovered by astronomers hundreds of years after the revelation of the Qur'an. The names “Venus” and “Mars” used in modern astronomy appear as “al-Merrikh” and “az-Zuhra” in order in the Arabic text. Different societies had different names for these planets at the time of the revelation of the Qur'an. The appearance of these famous planetary names in a book, like the Qur'an, which was revealed nearly 1400 years ago is therefore miraculous. These extraordinary sequences in the Qur'an once again confirm that the Qur'an is the revelation of Almighty Allah. In Surat as-Sajda Almighty Allah states:
The revelation of the Book, without any doubt of it, is from the Lord of the worlds. Or do they say, 'He has invented it'? No indeed! It is the truth from your Lord to warn a people to whom, before you, no warner came, so that hopefully they will be guided. (Sur as-Sajda, 2-3)