Characteristics of Hazrat Mahdi (as) in the Hadiths (9/20)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Appear in Turkey and Be Active in Istanbul
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Spiritually Capture Istanbul
... Many scholars from various countries will set out, unknown to one another, in order to seek Hazrat Mahdi (as) and 310 people will accompany each scholar… When they meet in Mecca and ask one another, "Why have you come here?" they will all answer "We seek Hazrat Mahdi (as), who will prevent this corruption and [spiritually] capture Constantinople, because we have learned his name, those of his mother and father and of his army.' (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar, p. 40)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will [spiritually] conquer Constantinople and Mount Daylam. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar, p. 27)
The Hour will not come until Almighty Allah ensures the [spiritual] conquest of Constantinople [Istanbul], the center of the Roman Empire, by His believing servants with tasbih [praise Allah] and takbir [declaration of the greatness of Allah]. (Ahmad Diya ad-Din al-Kamushkhanawi, Ramuz al-Ahadith, p. 478)
The Hour will not come until Almighty Allah ensures the [spiritual] conquest of Constantinople [Istanbul] and the Roman (lands) for believers through tasbih and takbir. (Daylami, al-Firdaws, 5/82, no: 7524; at-Tabarani, al-Mu`jam al-Kabir, 17/15,21)
Our Prophet (saas) stated: "They will [spiritually] conquer Constantinople with tasbih and takbir, and they will obtain booty the like of which has never been seen…" (Ibn Majah, Kitab Al-Fitan, p. 35)
Allah will purify him in a night. He will [spiritually] capture the Roman city [Istanbul] with takbir… (Muhyiddin ibn al-Arabi, al-Futuhat al- Makkiyah, section 366, Vol. 3, p. 327- 328)
Followers in far distant places will swear allegiance to Hazrat Mahdi (as). He will intellectually neutralize oppression and oppressors, and will stabilize countries, AND ALMIGHTY ALLAH will CAUSE HIM TO [SPIRITUALLY] CAPTURE ISTANBUL." (Al-Uqayli An-Najm al-saqib fi Bayan Anna al-Mahdi min Awladi Ali Ibn Abi Talib Ale't-Temam wa al-qamal)
The Prophet of Allah (saas) said: "The Day of Judgment will not take place until a man from my Ahl al-Bayt, Hazrat Mahdi (as) rules [the world] HE [HAZRAT MAHDI (as)] will [SPIRITUALY] CAPTURE ISTANBUL AND THE ,DJEBEL [ITS SEVEN HILLS]." (Mari' bin Yusuf Karami Hanbali, Fawaid Fawaid al-Fikr fil Mahdi al-Montazar)
When Hazrat Mahdi (as) appears, even Muslims living in distant countries will express their love for and devotion to him. Our Prophet (saas) reveals in the hadith that Hazrat Mahdi (as) will spiritually capture Istanbul and its djebel. The term DJEBEL, or mountain, in the hadith refers to the seven hills of Istanbul. One of Istanbul's distinguishing features is that it was built on seven hills. The idea of "7 hills" is a well-known one that immediately puts people in mind of Istanbul.
The Currently Fragmented Turkish States will Unite and Help Hazrat Mahdi (as)
... Ibrahim ibn Ubaydullah ibn Alâ narrates that his father said that Imam Jaffar Sadik said: Hazrat Ali (ra) spoke of events that would take place after him to the appearance of the Qaim ... AND DISPERSED TURKISH FLAGS will APPEAR AND HELP MY SON (HAZRAT MAHDI (as)) IN EVERY NOOK AND CRANNY. (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 323)
... Allah will CAUSE HIM [HAZRAT MAHDI (as)] TO CONQUER Rum, Deylem, Sind, India, Kabul and the Caspian. (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 274)
The Nation Among Whom Hazrat Mahdi (as) Serves
According to the information in the hadiths, Hazrat Mahdi (as) will work among the Turkish nation.
"HAZRAT MAHDI (as) will NEVER LEAVE RUM, THE TURKS [because Turkey used to be known as region of Rum.]" (Narrated from Ish'afu'r-Ragibin by Tilsimlar, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, p. 212)
Verse 79 of Surat Al-Kahf Contains References to the Tanker "Independenta" That Sank in 1979 in Istanbul and the Climate of Anarchy that Began in The Same Year
On 15 November, 1979, the 150,000 gross ton Independenta, a Romanian tanker and the fourth largest in the world, carrying 95,350 tons of crude oil, had an accident while approaching Istanbul, ran aground and sank following a blaze lasting several days.
Verse 79 of Surat al-Kahf contains various references to this event. The verse describes how Hazrat Khidr (as) told the Prophet Moses (as) about a boat and how he wished to damage and sink it in order to protect the people in it:
"AS FOR THE BOAT, IT BELONGED TO SOME POOR PEOPLE WHO WORKED ON THE SEA. I WANTED TO DAMAGE IT BECAUSE A KING WAS COMING BEHIND THEM, COMMANDEERING EVERY BOAT." (Surat al-Kahf, 79)
The Prophet Moses' (as) question in verse 71, "Did you scupper it so that its owners would be drowned?" also tells us that the boat sank as a result of Hazrat Khidr's (as) action:
"They continued UNTIL THEY BOARDED A BOAT AND HE SCUPPERED IT. Then Moses said, 'DID YOU SCUPPER IT SO THAT ITS OWNERS WOULD BE DROWNED? This is truly a dreadful thing that you have done'!" (Surat al-Kahf, 71)
It appears from this verse that the boat referred to by Hazrat Khidr (as) was run aground and sank. This incident reported in the Qur'an very probably refers to the Roman tanker Independenta that ran aground in the Bosphorus in 1979 in the wake of an accident and eventually sank after burning for a long time.
In many of his hadith our Prophet (saas) has also said that the Companions of the Cave will be Hazrat Mahdi's (as) helpers in the End Times, for which reason Surat al-Kahf contains references to events that will take place in the End Times, and he recommended that people read the verses of this Surat:
Whoever of you lives to see the antichrist, LET HIM READ THE BEGINNING OF SURAT AL-KAHF, for that Surat is your salvation from the corruption of the antichrist. (Sunan Abu Dawud, 5/121)
THE COMPANIONS OF THE CAVE will BE HAZRAT MAHDI'S (as) FOLLOWERS. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 59)
A second matter addressed in the verse is the information that Hazrat Khidr (as) provides about the social circumstances of the time. Hazrat Khidr (as) refers to "people commandeering every boat," saying that his aim was to rescue the people on the boat from them.
The year 1979 was a time when terror and persecution reached terrible levels. Banks, factories, workplaces and state bodies were occupied and taken over by force. Homes were entered by force and their contents stolen and people with money in the bank were robbed. The time was literally one of terror and extremism.
The verse thus also refers to the formation of a despotic climate of terror and anarchy in 1979.
During Hazrat Mahdi's (as) Struggle That will Begin in Istanbul There will be a Meccan Period, a Jerusalem Period and a Roman Period
It also appears from the hadith narrated from our Prophet (saas) and from statements by Bediuzzaman Said Nursi that it is Istanbul where Hazrat Mahdi (as) will intellectually demolish the system of perversion and the antichrist, the system of the ignorant and the philosophies of the antichrist such as Darwinism, materialism and atheism that oppose the moral values of the Qur'an.
The time when Hazrat Mahdi (as) is in Mecca will be an important one in terms of the moral values of the Qur'an coming to rule the world. The time when leading Muslims express their spiritual love and devotion on behalf of all Muslims is that when he will be in Mecca. But the Meccan period comes toward the final years of Hazrat Mahdi's (as) struggle. Islamic moral values will come to rule the world in the Meccan period, the final years of his coming. Bediuzzaman calls this period of Hazrat Mahdi (as) as the period of politics and administration. During the Meccan years which will be the final years of his appearance, the morality of Islam will dominate the world.
Following his time in Mecca, Hazrat Mahdi (as) will live for a long time in Jerusalem. He will rebuild the Masjid of the Prophet Solomon (as) in Jerusalem and will rule Christians with the Gospels, Jews with the Torah and Muslims with the moral values of the Qur'an. As the hadith make clear, in the final period, Hazrat Mahdi (as) will also bring Rome under his spiritual control.
Hadiths Regarding The Subject
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will be Born at Home
Imam Zayn-ul Abidin (as) said: "Our Qaim [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] will resemble the Messengers of Allah in various ways. He will individually resemble Noah (as), Abraham (as), Moses (as), Jesus (as), Job (as) and Muhammad (saas) and the other Prophets. HE will RESEMBLE Noah (as) in being long-lived, ABRAHAM (as) IN HIS BIRTH BEING CONCEALED [AT HOME] and away from the public eye... (Qamal ud-din, p. 322, Chapter 31, Hadith 3)
Ali Ibn Hussain Zaynal Abidin (as): "HIS [HAZRAT MAHDI'S (as)] BIRTH will BE HIDDEN FROM PEOPLE..." (Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. 51, p. 135)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Emerge From Istanbul That Contains Our Prophet's (saas) Sacred Relics
It is related from Abdullah ibn Shurafa that: The standard of our Prophet (saas) will be adorned, together with Hazrat Mahdi (as). (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 65)
He will appear with the camel hair standard of our Prophet (saas). That standard has four corners, is unstitched and black in color. There is a halo on it. It has not been unfurled since the death of our Prophet (saas), but it will be opened when Hazrat Mahdi (as) appears. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 22)
As for signs, he will have with him the shirt, the sword, and the standard of our Prophet (saas). That standard has never been unfurled since the death of our Prophet (saas). And, it will not be unfurled until the appearance of Hazrat Mahdi (as). (Al-Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li-ashrat al-sa'ah, p. 164)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Come to Istanbul by Crossing a Bridge From The Large City He Was Born
"During the spiritual conquest of Constantinople he [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] will plant a standard when he goes to make ablution for the morning prayer, and the water will divide in two and withdraw from him. He will cross to the other side through this path that opens and say, "O people, learn from this. The sea has parted its waters for us, just as it did for the tribe of Israel." Then they will utter the takbir again and again and with twelve takbirs the twelve towers of the city will collapse. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi Alamat al-Mahdi al- Muntadhar, p. 57)
People will Swear Allegiance To Hazrat Mahdi (as) In Mecca
The Messenger of Allah (saas) said: "… a man of the people of Medina [A GREAT CITY] [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] will come to Mecca. Some of the people of Mecca will come to him, bring him out and swear allegiance to him against his will between the Corner and the Maqam." (Mari' bin Yusuf Karami Hanbali, Fawaid Fawaid al-Fikr fil Mahdi al-Montazar)
Nuaim Ibn Hammad narrates from Abu Jaffar; "Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear in Mecca in the evening with the standard, mantle, sword, signs, light and beautiful expression of our Prophet (saas). When he performs the evening prayer he will issue this call in a loud voice…" (Mari' bin Yusuf Karami Hanbali, Fawaid Fawaid al-Fikr fil Mahdi al-Montazar)
People will eventually come to Hazrat Mahdi (as) will swear allegiance to him, between the Corner and the Maqam, against his own wishes. If you refuse, we will strike you on the neck," they will say. The dwellers of the earth and sky will be content with him. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 31)
… A group from the people of Mecca will bring him out (from where he is), against his wishes. They will swear allegiance to him between Al-Hajar al-Aswad and Abraham's Maqam. (Sunan Abu Dawud, p. 5/94; Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar, p. 20)
... and then he will accept their oaths of allegiance, albeit reluctantly. If you live to see him, swear allegiance to him. Because he is the Mahdi (as) in the Earth and sky. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 35)
Jerusalem Period of Hazrat Mahdi (as)
Nuaim Ibn Hammad, narrated from Artah: HAZRAT MAHDI (as) will DESCEND TO BAYT AL-MAQDIS [JERUSALEM] AND THE NATION will LIVE FOR A LONG TIME WITH THOSE WHO COME FROM HIS AHL AL-BAYT... (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-zaman, p. 77)
When Hazrat Mahdi (as) is performing the morning prayer with the believers at the Bayt al-Maqdis [Jerusalem], he will introduce the Prophet Jesus (as) who has appeared, and the Prophet Jesus (as) will place his hands on his shoulder and say, "The call to the prayer has been issued for you, so you must lead it," and finally Hazrat Mahdi (as) will lead the Prophet Jesus (as) and the believers in prayer. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntadhar, p. 25)
Abu Amr and Dani in the Sunan related from Jabir Ibn Abdullah that he said: The Messenger of Allah (saas) said: During the dawn of the new day, one from my community [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] will [spiritually] struggle for the true faith in Bayt al-Maqdis [Jerusalem] until the coming of the Prophet Jesus (as). Hazrat Mahdi (as) will then say: "O Prophet of Allah, come to the front and lead us in prayer." The Prophet Jesus (as) will say, "One of this community [Hazrat Mahdi (as)] is the commander of the others. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman, p. 80)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Rule The Jews With The Torah and The Christians with The Gospel
Jabir ibn Yazid al-Jo'fi narrates from Imam Muhammad Baqir: "... The reason why Hazrat Mahdi (as) is known as Hazrat Mahdi (as) is this; he will be directed toward a secret matter, will extract the Torah and other Divine books from a cave in Antioch and will RULE AMONG JEWS WITH THE TORAH AND AMONG CHRISTIANS WITH THE GOSPEL. (Al-Mahdi al-Maw'ud, Vol. 1, p. 254-255)
"The reason why he is called Hazrat Mahdi (as) is that he will head to one of the mountains in Damascus. From there HE will FIND THE [TRUE] BOOKS OF THE TORAH …" (As-Suyuti, Al-Hawi lil-fatawi, II. 81)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Take Rome In His Spiritual Control
"... Hazrat Mahdi (as) and his students will ...capture Rome with tasbih [praise Allah] and takbir [declaration of the greatness of Allah] of Allah's greatness…" (Al-Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li-ashrat al-sa'ah, p. 204) (As-Suyuti, Al-Hawi lil-fatawi, II. 81)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Spread The Moral Values of Islam in a City with Giant Shopping Centers Containing Thousands of Stores
He [Hazrat Mahdi (as)]... will COME TO A CITY WITH MARKETS, AND WITH A THOUSAND STORES IN EACH MARKET,... (Imam as-Suyuti. From Hazrat Ali (ra)), (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 367)
Evaluated together with other hadiths transmitted from our Prophet (saas), this city is apparently Istanbul. (Allah knows the truth.)
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Enlighten the Turkish Nation with His Deep Knowledge
... A NATION will BE HONED AS A METALSMITH HONES THE TIP OF AN ARROW – THEIR EYES will BE ENLIGHTENED WITH REVELATION, THEIR EARS FILLED WITH ANALYSIS AND BOWLS OF KNOWLEDGE will BE RAISED TO THEM NIGHT AND DAY. (Kitab al-Ghayba [Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, Bihar al-Anwar, vol.51], p. 186)
This hadith refers to HAZRAT MAHDI (as), who will appear in Turkey, EDUCATING THE TURKISH NATION DAY AND NIGHT WITH INTENSIVE KNOWLEDGE AND CULTURE, RAISING ITS ENTHUSIASM AND ENABLING ITS HEART TO BE WARMED BY ISLAM. Hazrat Mahdi (as) will enlighten the Turkish nation by intensively communicating knowledge and faith. In his time, the minds of the members of the Turkish nation will be cleared, their reason will be strengthened and their foresight and understanding will increase. The Turkish nation's possession of knowledge on all matters will be made possible by the deep knowledge of Hazrat Mahdi (as).
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will First Appear in Turkey with The Turkish Flag; He will Then Assume The Spiritual Leadership of Other Countries with Green Flags
In that year the occultation of MY SON [HAZRAT MAHDI (as)], WHO will HAVE THE RED FLAG AND AFTERWARDS GREEN FLAGS, will be announced. (Sheikh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Numani, al-Ghaybah al-Numani, p. 170)
According to this hadith of our Prophet's (saas), Hazrat Mahdi (as) will first appear from Turkey with the Turkish flag and will then become the spiritual ruler of other Islamic countries with their green flags. He will be instrumental in the founding of the Turkish-Islamic Union and will assume the spiritual leadership of it.
Hazrat Mahdi (as) will Appear from Turkey and will Never Leave Until The End of His Spiritual Struggle
"HAZRAT MAHDI (as) will NEVER LEAVE RUM, THE TURKS [because Turkey used to be known as region of Rum.]" (Narrated from Ish'afu'r-Ragibin by Tilsimlar, Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, p. 212)
The Turks will Possess Great Power in The End Times
According to Samura's account the Messenger of Allah (saas) said:
"ALLAH will FILL YOUR PALMS WITH THE AJAM [TURKS]. HE will THEN MAKE LIONS OF THEM AND THEY will WAR [WAGE AN INTELLECTUAL STRUGGLE] WITH YOUR ENEMIES [UNBELIEVERS] AND will ENJOY YOUR SPOILS." (Ahmad, Bazzar, At-Tabarani, Abu Nuaim, al-Haqim) (Ismail ibn Yusuf Nabhani, Allah's Proof to the Worlds Regarding the Lord of Messengers, the Miracles of Our Prophet, Vol. 2, Translated by: Abdulhali Duran, p. 759, no: 1840)
The reference in the hadith to "Allah will fill your palms with the Turks" indicates that "the Turks will be a great force" against atheist zionists and atheist masons in the End Times. The reference to "Allah will make lions of them" reveals that the Turks will be noted for their courage and activity in this period and that they will show this to the whole world with their courageous speech. It appears from the information provided in the hadith that the Turks will be like lions in the End Times and will wage a highly effective intellectual struggle against all heretical elements of the time, such as atheist zionists and atheist masons.
The reference in the hadith to "the Turks enjoying your spoils" indicates that the Turks will possess great power as a result of the establishment of the Turkish-Islamic Union, and that thanks to the means at the disposal of this union the Turks will become very wealthy and will also enrich the whole Islamic world.