Say, 'People of the Book! come to a proposition which is the same for us and you
There is an important fact that Christians need to know about the Koran: The Koran was not sent down to invalidate the scriptures before it. On the contrary, the Koran was sent down in order to corroborate the true passages in the Torah and the Gospel and to show people the truth. It is therefore unlawful for a Muslim to deny the existence of true books before the Koran. (Some Muslims may claim the opposite, but these are people with a radical mindset, lacking in knowledge about the Koran and therefore about the essence of Islam. The explanations given here are based on verses of the Koran, not on the supposed logic of the radicals in question.) The revelation in the Koran requires that Muslims recognize and genuinely love all the prophets. In the same way that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is our prophet, so are the Prophets Moses (pbuh) and Jesus (pbuh). As commanded in the Koran, it is impossible to discriminate between them:
Say, "We have faith in God and what has been sent down to us and what was sent down to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Tribes, and what Moses and Jesus were given, and what all the prophets were given by their Lord. We do not differentiate between any of them. We are Muslims submitted to Him." (Koran, 2:136)
Therefore, a Muslim is at the same time also a true follower of Moses and a true follower of Jesus. Again according to the Koran, a Muslim must obey those parts of the Torah and the Gospel that are compatible with the Koran.
Since the Koran confirms all previous scriptures and prophets, true Judaism and true Christianity are existing in the Koran. True Judaism and true Christianity are therefore only possible by recognizing the Koran and becoming a follower of the Prophet Muhammad. For that reason, not only Muslims but also all Jews and all Christians have a responsibility toward the Koran.
God states in one verse how He has sent the Koran as light and a clear sign for the People of the Book, that is Christians and Jews:
People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you much of the Book that you have kept concealed, and passing over a lot. A Light has come to you from God and a Clear Book. (Koran, 5:15)
The fact that the Koran was sent to confirm the Torah and the Gospel is expressed as follows:
Say, "Anyone who is the enemy of Gabriel should know that it was he who brought it down upon your heart, by God’s authority, confirming what came before, and as guidance and good news for the believers." (Koran, 2:97)
He has sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming what was there before it. And He sent down the Torah and the Gospel. (Koran, 3:3)
These verses make it clear that the Koran was sent down to confirm Jews’ and Christians’ own books and to show them what is right and wrong, a book in which they can find the most perfect clarification of everything. Another verse of the Koran reveals how Jews and Christians must also obey the Koran:
You who have been given the Book [Jews and Christians]! Have faith in what We have sent down confirming what is with you [the Torah and the Gospel], before We obliterate faces, turning them inside out, or We curse you as We cursed the Companions of the Sabbath. God’s command is always carried out. (Koran, 4:47)
Another verse is addressed to the People of Book who insist on adhering to their own books despite being invited to obey the Koran, and they are reminded that the Koran was sent down to confirm their own scriptures:
When they are told, "Have faith in what God has sent down," they say, "Our faith is in what was sent down to us," and they reject anything beyond that, even though it [the Koran] is the truth, confirming what they have... (Koran, 2:91)
Almighty God also reveals in verses that the Torah and the Gospel used to be a source of wisdom, but that the true source of wisdom is now the Koran, which confirms the true passages in all other scriptures:
He has sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming what was there before it. And He sent down the Torah and the Gospel, previously, as guidance for mankind, and He has sent down the Furqan [the Koran, the One that discriminates between what is right and wrong]. Those who reject God’s signs will have a terrible punishment. God is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. (Koran, 3:3-4)
This feature is again set out in another verse of the Koran, which also reveals that the Koran contains explanations of all kinds and is a guide for true believers:
There is instruction in their stories for people of intelligence. This is not a narration which has been invented but confirmation of all that came before, a clarification of everything, and a guidance and a mercy for people who have faith. (Koran, 12:111)
God addresses Jews as follows in the Koran:
Have faith in what I have sent down [the Koran], confirming what is with you [the Torah]. Do not be the first to reject it and do not sell My signs for a paltry price. Have fear of Me alone. (Koran, 2:41)
Our Christian brothers must not misinterpret this point: None of the above passages ask any Christian to abandon his devotion to the Gospel and Jesus. It is unlawful for a Muslim to ask such a thing. In our religion, anyone who denies Jesus or the Gospel has renounced the faith. The call here is one made for Christians to understand the Koran, to believe in the Koran and to believe in the evidence given them by the Koran. It is a call made so that Christians can be more perfect Christians and so they can love Jesus more. Because only if a Christian becomes a follower of Muhammad and believes that the Koran is a true book can he properly understand his own faith and fully love Jesus.
He has sent down the Book to you with truth, confirming what was there before it. And He sent down the Torah and the Gospel,
Hagia Sofia Mosque.
God is my Lord and your Lord so worship Him. That is a straight path.
Our Christian brothers must note the following point: Obeying the Koran and believing in the Prophet Muhammad will not deprive Christians of Jesus. On the contrary, it will bring them even closer to this blessed prophet. Someone who reads and accepts the Koran will become both a perfect Christian, and a perfect Jew, and a perfect follower of Joseph and a perfect follower of Noah and of Abraham and of Muhammad. He will accept all the prophets and embrace them and thus become an immaculate believer. The existence of the Koran, which shows them the truth and confirms their own books and which is a great source of guidance for them, and the fact that it has never changed, is also a great blessing for the People of the Book.
Indeed, in one verse God speaks of the existence of the People of the Book who adhere to the Koran and tells them of a reward in His Presence in the hereafter:
Among the people of the Book there are some who have faith in God and in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down to them, and who are humble before God. They do not sell God’s signs for a paltry price. Such people will have their reward with their Lord. And God is swift at reckoning. (Koran, 3:199)
The evidence from the Koran should be evaluated in the light of these facts in the chapters that follow.
Muslim related: "Abu Hurairah witnessed the Prophet say; 'The Prophet Muhammad said that the People of the Book read the Torah in Hebrew and translated it into Arabic for the Muslims’." (Mishkat al- Masabih, 1st chapter, part 6, p. 42)
"Al-Hafiz al-Zahabi relates that Abdullah ibn Salam who converted from Judaism to Islam came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said, "(Yesterday evening) I read the Koran and the Torah." He replied, "Read one in one evening and the other in another evening." (Al-Thalabi, Al-Iman al-Thalabi Tathkarar al-Huffadh, Vol. 1, p. 27)
"Abdullah Ibn al-Amr, one of the Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) close followers, would frequently read the Torah. One night he dreamed he held honey in one hand and oil in the other, and would sometimes eat from the honey and sometimes from the oil. Abdullah Ibn al-Amr described his dream to the Prophet Muhammad. The Prophet interpreted his dream as referring to two books, and to his sometimes reading the Torah and sometimes the Koran." (Bukhari, Vol. 6, hadith 987, p. 439)
From Abu Said al-Khudri: We asked the Prophet (pbuh), "O Prophet of God! Can we relate things from the people of Israel? He replied; "Yes, you can relate things from the people of Israel, there is no harm in that. If you relate something from them, know that they have even more interesting knowledge." (Hanbal, Musnad, 111/12, hadith no:11034)
From Abdullah Ibn al-Amr; The Messenger of God said, "You can relate things from the people of Israel, there is no harm in that." (Hanbal, Musnad, 11/159, hadith no: 6486)