Celal Sengor, a guest on the TV program “Siyaset Meydani” (Political Arena), broadcast on 19 March, 2009, provided various explanations in order to defend Darwinism, which has now been totally defeated. Sengor used Darwinist demagogic techniques to attempt to re-introduce matters that had been repeated for many years but completely disproved and he totally denied the subjects at points he was unable to answer before a group of young people he could not manage to convince. Since the accounts in question have been raised once again by means of this program, it is essential to issue some reminders of the subject. You can read Celal Sengor’s claims and the definitive scientific responses of them below:
7. The Invalidity of the Claims That the Eye Is Not an Irreducibly Complex Structure and That the Eye Evolved
THE INVALIDITY OF THE IDEA OF A TRANSITION FROM REPTILES TO MAMMALS
Darwinists attempt to portray therapsids with their two jaw bones as an intermediate form between reptiles and mammals. But this claim is invalid because:
1. There are animals with 1, 2 or 3 fingers. All life forms have different skull bones. Therefore, having a different number of jaw bones is no proof that this life form is a transitional one.
2. There exists not a single transitional form fossil to support this claim.
3. Mammals are warm-blooded and reptiles are cold-blooded. Mammals give birth to and suckle their young, and their bodies are covered in fur. Reptiles lay eggs, do not suckle their young and their bodies are covered in scales.
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THE INVALIDITY OF THE CLAIM THAT BACTERIAL RESISTANCE TO ANTIBIOTICS IS EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION
1. There are countless kinds of bacteria. Some were created with the genetic information that provides resistance to antibiotics “before antibiotics had ever been produced.” When bacteria are exposed to any kind of antibiotic, those without resistance to the antibiotic in question die, while those with resistance survive and are able to multiply.
2. Shortly afterwards, the same bacterium species consists entirely of individuals resistant to the antibiotic in question, and the antibiotic is now ineffective against the bacterium.
3. But the bacterium is still the same bacterium, not a new species. No evolution has taken place. Bacteria have been around on Earth for 3.5 billion years and are still the same bacteria.
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THE MUTATION CLAIM
1. Mutations are either neutral or else harmful to living things. There are no useful mutations. (Hiroshima, Chernobyl, dwarfism, cancer).
2. Mutation adds no new information to DNA. But this is essential in the formation of a new species or a new characteristic. (No wing can appear in a species without wings; only three legs may emerge instead of two).
3. Not one single cell can form by chance. The people who make this claim have to date been unable to manufacture a single living thing or cell under laboratory conditions.
THE CLAIM OF THE TRANSITION FROM QUADRIPEDALISM TO BIPEDALISM
1. Standing on two legs rather than four is of no advantage. Quadripedalism is faster and more effective in terms of concealment and hunting. In addition, animals are capable of standing on two legs for fixation.
2. According to what evolutionists claim, a living thing would have to pass through many transitional postures in moving from four legs to two. But that is impossible even according to evolutionists’ own claims.
THE CLAIM THAT DINOSAURS EVOLVED INTO BIRDS
According to evolutionists, first there were herbivorous dinosaurs. These then turned into small, carnivorous dinosaurs, and then into birds. But this is nonsense because:
1. Carnivorous and herbivorous dinosaurs lived at the same time. There was also a perfect bird, Archaeopteryx, living 150 million years ago at the same time as dinosaurs.
2. Birds’ lungs, feet, jaw, palate, tooth and bone structures are entirely different to those of land-dwelling life forms.
3. The Darwinist Alan Feduccia, the world’s most eminent ornithologist, says this about the myth of dinosaurs evolving into birds:
“Well, I"ve studied bird skulls for 25 years and I don"t see any similarities whatsoever. I just don"t see it... The theropod origins of birds, in my opinion, will be the greatest embarrassment of paleontology of the 20th century.”(New Scientist, 1 February, 1997, p. 28)
THE CLAIM THAT THE LIGHT-SENSITIVE CELLS IN PARAMECIA IS A “PRIMITIVE EYE”
1. The eye of the trilobite that lived in the Cambrian Period 530 million years ago has the same perfect faceted structure as that of the modern-day dragonfly.
2. The perfect human eye is too complex for its constituent components to have evolved separately. It is essential for the 40 components of the eye to be present together for sight to take place. Even the absence of ocular fluid is alone for the eye not to function.
3. In a letter to his friend Asa Gray written on 3 April, 1860, Darwin says, “The thought of the eye made me cold all over.”
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THE CLAIM THAT “40,000 SPECIES DISAPPEAR EVERY YEAR AND 1,000 NEW SPECIES FORM”
1. The newly found species may already be living on Earth but not discovered yet.
2. Or Allah creates a new species and people then discover it. Allah creates from nothing, far from human eyes, in places where it cannot be seen. Allah knows the truth. Allah creates as a miracle. But this does not take place before people’s eyes, in a zoo, for instance. Unless Allah otherwise.
THE CLAIM THAT THERE WAS NO OXYGEN WHEN LIFE BEGAN AND THAT OXYGEN APPEARED SUBSEQUENTLY
Darwinists never use oxygen in the experiments they conduct into the origin of life. Because if an amino acid forms, oxygen will immediately burn and destroy it. The Miller experiment was also conducted without oxygen. They therefore deny the existence of oxygen in the primordial atmosphere. But this is wrong because:
1. Rocks have been found dating back 3.5 million years and containing oxidized iron and traces of uranium.
2. It is has been realized that 10,000 times more ultraviolet light reached the Earth in this period than Darwinists estimated. Therefore, it must have separated the water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and released oxygen.
3. If, as Darwinists maintain, there was no oxygen in the primordial atmosphere, then there would have been no ozone layer protecting the Earth against ultraviolet light. In that case, it is clear that no organic molecule would be able to survive on Earth exposed to intense levels of ultraviolet.
THE PERFECT EQUILIBRIUM IN THE ATOM
The nucleus of the atom consists of protons and neutrons. Protons and neutrons are composed of quarks. And quarks have their own various sub-particles.
1. The volume of the nucleus is just 1 part in 10 billion of that of the atom. But the mass of the nucleus comprises 99.95% of that of the atom. While representing almost all the mass, it takes up no space. This is equivalent to squeezing all the objects in a 10 billion square meter house into a 1 square meter room.
2. If the spaces between the atoms in the human body were eliminated, then a human being would be a tiny speck a few thousandths of a millimeter in size. A planet would be the size of a chick pea.
3. The only thing distinguishing the 109 fundamental elements is the number of protons in their nuclei. Gold has 79 protons, an oxygen atom 8 and iron 26 protons.
4. If we magnified an atom to the size of the Earth, an electron would be no bigger than an apple.
5. An electron orbits the nucleus at the extraordinary speed of 1,000 km a second. There is a huge amount of traffic but perfect order within the atom. There is never any confusion and no collisions ever take place.
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