Paralleling their hypothesized biological evolution, evolutionists also suggest that mankind has undergone a cultural progression from the primitive to the more advanced. They relate a great many narratives of no scientific validity in line with human evolution, which consists of no more than an imaginary family tree, and conjectures about the lives of people in the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic ages.
The idea of human evolution is totally fictional: In order for such a family tree to exist, apes must have gradually evolved into human beings, and the relevant fossils should have been found. But in fact, there is a clear gulf between apes and man. Features such as their skeletal structures, skull sizes, and walking on two legs or four, clearly distinguish apes from human beings. It is now recognized that the supposedly intermediate forms between ape and man proposed by evolutionists (Australopithecus, Homo habilis, H. erectus,etc.) are simply biased interpretations, distortions and outright fraud. (See Piltdown Man Fraud, the; Nebraska Man Fraud, theand Neanderthal: A Human Race.)
For example, the Neanderthals (Homo neandertalis), which evolutionists suggest were a transitional species between apes and human beings, were actually human, as their genus name implies. They emerged suddenly in Europe 100,000 years ago, and disappeared, quickly and silently, some 35,000 years ago, or else were assimilated into other human races. The only difference between them and modern human beings is that their skeletons were rather more massive and their average skull volumes were slightly larger.
Today, almost everyone agrees that the Neanderthals were a human race. For a long time, some evolutionist paleoanthropologists regarded these human beings as a primitive species, although scientific findings have shown that Neanderthal Man was no different from the stockier humans who can be seen walking the streets today.
Detailed comparisons of Neanderthal skeletal remains with those of modern humans have shown that there is nothing in Neanderthal anatomy that conclusively indicates locomotor, manipulative, intellectual, or linguistic abilities inferior to those of modern humans.98
Nonetheless, evolutionists still describe Neanderthals as a subspecies of modern man, suggesting that they possessed a more primitive cultural level.
Fossil findings, however, show that contrary to what evolutionists claim, Neanderthal Man actually had an advanced culture. One of the most interesting examples of this is a fossilized whistle made by Neanderthals from the thigh bone of a bear, and found in a cave in northern Yugoslavia in July 1995 by the archaeologist Ivan Turk.
Later on, the musicologist Bob Fink analyzed this whistle, whose age of which is thought to be between 43,000 and 67,000 years according to carbon-14 dating results. He determined that this instrument produced four different notes, with both full and semi-tones.
This discovery shows that Neanderthals used the seven-note scale, which now represents the basis of Western music. Fink stated that the distance between the first and third holes was twice that between the third and fourth. “These three notes . . . are inescapably diatonic and will sound like a near-perfect fit within any kind of standard diatonic scale,” 99 wrote Fink, adding that Neanderthals had a musical ear and musical knowledge.
Other fossil findings show that the Neanderthals buried their dead, cared for the sick, and wore necklaces and similar adornments.100
During the course of excavations, a 26,000-year-old needle made out of bone by Neanderthal Man was discovered. This needle, is exceedingly straight and has a hole for a thread to be passed through.101 People who possess clothing of such a kind as to require sewing needles cannot, of course, be regarded as primitive.
Steven L. Kuhn, a professor of anthropology and archaeology at University of New Mexico, and Mary C. Stiner—despite being proponents of evolution—said that their research and analysis revealed that Neanderthals who lived thousands of years ago in caves on the southeast coast of Italy engaged in activities requiring complex thought like that of modern human beings.102
Margaret Conkey of the University of California describes how implements belonging to periods before the Neanderthals were made by conscious, intelligent communities:
If you look at the things archaic humans made with their hands, Levallois cores and so on, that’s not a bumbling kind of thing. They had an appreciation of the material they were working with, an understanding of their world.103
98 Erik Trinkaus, “Hard Times Among the Neanderthals.”, Natural History, Vol. 87, December 1978, p. 10.
99 “Neandertals Lived Harmoniously,” The AAAS Science News Service, 3 April 1997.
100 Ralph Solecki, Shanidar: The First Flower People, New York: Knopf, 1971, p. 196.
101 D. Johanson, B. Edgar, From Lucy to Language, pp. 99, 107.
102 Mary C. Stiner, Steven L. Kuhn, “Subsistence, Technology, and Adaptive Variation in Middle Paleolithic Italy.” American Anthropologist, Vol. 94, No. 2, 1992, pp.309-310.
103 Roger Lewin, The Origin of Modern Humans, New York: Scientific American Library, , 1993, p. 131.